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Catalogue

Civics for Secondary Schools - Form 1


About the book

This book covers important subjects regarding: our nation, life skills, human rights, responsible citizenship, work, family life, road safety, and proper behavior and responsible decision making. The book adheres to the competence based teaching approach where the student is a focus of the course. The flow, presentations, illustrations and graphics seek to actively engage the student in the learning process. The Authors are seasoned civics teachers and bring with them invaluable teaching and learning skills.

Authors: Peter Diocres and Ramadhani Mwenjaa

Table of contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Chapter One: OUR NATION...............................................................................1

The Components of our Nation........................................................................1

People ......................................................................................................................1

Government ............................................................................................................1

Territory ...................................................................................................................3

National Sovereignty.............................................................................................4

Internal National Sovereignty ............................................................................5

External National Sovereignty .......................................................................... 5

National Symbols....................................................................................................6

Meaning and Significance of the NationalSymbols.....................................6

National Flag ..........................................................................................................6

National Anthem ....................................................................................................7

The Coat of Arms ..................................................................................................7

National Currency ..................................................................................................8

Uhuru Torch .............................................................................................................9

The Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania ...............................10

Public Holidays .....................................................................................................11

National Festivals..................................................................................................12

Importance of national festivals .....................................................................13

Obedience to the National Symbols .............................................................13

Exercise 1 A............................................................................................................16

Exercise 1 B............................................................................................................16

Exercise 1 C............................................................................................................17

 

Chapter Two: PROMOTION OF LIFE SKILLS ................................................18

Meaning of Life Skills .........................................................................................18

Types and Use of Life Skills ..............................................................................19

Assertive Skills .......................................................................................................19

Communication Skills ..........................................................................................19

Decision Making Skills ........................................................................................25

Self Awareness Skills ...........................................................................................27

Negotiation Skills ..................................................................................................29

Relationship and Friendship Skills ...................................................................31

Social Skills ............................................................................................................ 31

Importance of Life Skills .....................................................................................33

Consequences of not Applying Life Skills .....................................................33

Sources of Life Skills ............................................................................................34

Parents .....................................................................................................................34

Schools......................................................................................................................35

Religion.....................................................................................................................36

Non Government Organisations.......................................................................36

Government.............................................................................................................36

Culture.......................................................................................................................37

Exercise 2 A.............................................................................................................40

Exercise 2 B..............................................................................................................41

Exercise 2 C..............................................................................................................42

 

Chapter Three: HUMAN RIGHTS .......................................................................43

Definition...................................................................................................................43

Types of Human Rights .......................................................................................44

Aspects of Human Rights ....................................................................................45

Aspects of Human Rights as Provided in Different Sources......................45

Origins of Human Rights .....................................................................................46

Importance of Human Rights in Society ..........................................................49

Individual Rights.......................................................................................................49

Women Rights..........................................................................................................50

Special group Rights..............................................................................................50

Provision of Basic Needs to the Community...................................................51

Role of Government and other Institutions in Promotion of Human Rights............................................................................................................................52

Parliament....................................................................................................................52

Mass Media................................................................................................................52

Defence and Security Forces..................................................................................52

Non Government Organizations...........................................................................53

Judiciary........................................................................................................................53

Religious Institutions.................................................................................................54

Limitations of Individual Human Rights .............................................................54

Limitations....................................................................................................................54

Solutions.......................................................................................................................55

Human Rights Abuse ...............................................................................................55

Impact of Human Rights Abuse.............................................................................56

Exercise 3A...................................................................................................................57

Exercise 3B...................................................................................................................59

 

Chapter Four: RESPONSIBLE CITIZENSHIP .........................................................61

Concept of Citizenship..............................................................................................61

Citizen.............................................................................................................................61

Citizenship.....................................................................................................................62

Appreciation of One’s Citizenship ........................................................................63

Importance of Citizenship........................................................................................64

Citizenship Responsibilities ....................................................................................65

Responsibilities of the Citizens to Special Groups .........................................67

Challenges Facing the Provisions of Services to Special Groups ...............70

Measures to be Taken to Address the above Challenges ...........................71

Impact of Staying in a Country Without Being a Citizen.................................72

Exercise 4 A..................................................................................................................73

Exercise 4 B..................................................................................................................74

Exercise 4 C..................................................................................................................75

 

Chapter Five: WORK ..................................................................................................76

The Concept of ‘Work’...............................................................................................76

Definition........................................................................................................................76

Types of Work..............................................................................................................77

Work Related Activities in the Community...........................................................78

Agriculture ....................................................................................................................78

Industry ..........................................................................................................................80

Trade and Commerce ...............................................................................................82

Mining ...........................................................................................................................82

Tourism .........................................................................................................................83

Fishing ............................................................................................................................85

Crafts ..............................................................................................................................86

Administrative and other Services..........................................................................86

Importance of Work to an Individual ...................................................................87

Importance of Work to a Nation ...........................................................................87

Contribution of Work towards National Development....................................90

Exercise 5A.....................................................................................................................93

Exercise 5B.....................................................................................................................93

Exercise 5C.....................................................................................................................94

Exercise 5D....................................................................................................................95

 

Chapter Six: FAMILY LIFE ..........................................................................................96

Courtship........................................................................................................................96

Meaning of Courtship................................................................................................96

Forms of Courtship.....................................................................................................97

Marriage........................................................................................................................98

Marriage........................................................................................................................98

Relationship between Courtship and Marriage.................................................99

Types of Marriages....................................................................................................99

Customs and Beliefs Encouraging Premature / Early Marriages...............101

Problems Associated with Early Marriage........................................................103

Foundations of a Stable Marriage.......................................................................104

Exercise 6 A.................................................................................................................106

The Concept of a Family..........................................................................................107

Types of Families.......................................................................................................109

Types in terms of the Nature and Number of its Members........................110

Types in terms of the Nature of the Underlying Marriage...........................111

Rights and Responsibilities of Family Members..............................................112

Factors Contributing to Family Stability .............................................................115

Failure by Family Members to Carry out Their Responsibilities..................116

Exercise 6 B..................................................................................................................117

Exercise 6 C.................................................................................................................118

Exercise 6 D.................................................................................................................118

 

Chapter Seven: PROPER BEHAVIOUR AND RESPONSIBLE DECISION MAKING........................................................................................................................119

Meaning of Behaviour .............................................................................................119

Types of Behaviour....................................................................................................120

Elements of Proper Behaviour ..............................................................................120

Factors Influencing Behaviour................................................................................121

Inheritance....................................................................................................................121

Peer Groups.................................................................................................................121

Lack of Employment..................................................................................................122

Parental Influence ......................................................................................................122

Influence of Technology...........................................................................................122

Elements of Improper Behaviour .........................................................................123

Consequences of Improper Behaviour................................................................123

How to Control Improper Behaviours .................................................................124

The Importance of Proper Behaviour in the Society .......................................125

Responsible Decision Making ................................................................................127

Issues involved in Responsible Decision Making..............................................127

Participants in Decision Making at Deferent Levels..........................................127

The Importance of Responsible Decision Making ...........................................129

Correct Steps in Decision Making..........................................................................130

Exercise 7 A...................................................................................................................131

Exercise 7 B...................................................................................................................132

Exercise 7 C...................................................................................................................133

 

Chapter Eight: ROAD SAFETY .................................................................................134

Roads..............................................................................................................................134

Types of Roads............................................................................................................135

Classification Based on Operating Condition.....................................................135

Classification Based on Use ....................................................................................136

Road Safety ..................................................................................................................137

Road Traffic Signs .....................................................................................................137

Warning Signs..............................................................................................................138

Regulatory Signs..........................................................................................................141

Informative Signs.........................................................................................................144

Importance of Obeying Road or Traffic Signs ..................................................146

Responsibilities and Rights of Road Users ........................................................146

Responsibilities and Rights of the Disabled Individuals..................................147

Responsibilities and Rights of Other Road Users ...........................................147

Consequences of Failure to Observe Road Traffic Signs...............................148

Causes of Road Accidents........................................................................................149

Magnitude of Road Accidents in Tanzania..........................................................150

Prevention of Road Accidents ................................................................................151

Exercise 8 A...................................................................................................................153

Exercise 8 B...................................................................................................................154

Exercise 8 C...................................................................................................................155

 

GLOSSARY ....................................................................................................................156

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES ......................................................................................163

INDEX..............................................................................................................................165